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by Robert J.
Many reading groups and book clubs have enjoyed novels by Robert J. Sawyer.
The following questions may help stimulate an interesting
discussion about Frameshift. (These questions
might also suggest essay topics for students studying the book.)
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Note that these questions reveal much of the novel's plot; to
preserve your reading pleasure, please don't look at these questions
until after you've finished reading the book.
- The case of John Demjanjuk really happened as outlined in
Frameshift. With the exception of Avi Meyer, all
the characters portrayed in the Jerusalem trial scene are real
people, saying things they actually said during the trial. Is it
appropriate to blend fact and fiction like this? And are the
parallels Sawyer raises between the Demjanjuk trial and both
To Kill a Mockingbird and Judgment at
Nuremberg fair? Likewise, how appropriate was Sawyer's
invoking, elsewhere in the novel, Martin Luther King's "I have
a dream" speech?
- The novel makes the case that it is in fact cruel to
someone with the gene for a serious genetic disorder that hasn't
yet manifested itself if there's nothing that can be done to
prevent the onset of the disease. Would you in fact want to know
if you had the gene for Huntington's disease?
- Sawyer seems to believe strongly that socialized medicine is
only solution that makes sense in the genetic age. Do you agree
or disagree with him? Why?
- A few critics have suggested that Sawyer is unfair to men in
book, since the isolated glimpses of some of their minds that we
see through Molly's telepathy are quite distasteful. Does
Sawyer's take on men's private thoughts about women ring true?
- The novel's structure is unusual: it starts with neo-Nazi
Hanratty's attack on Pierre Tardivel, and then about half the
book is a series of flashbacks, going as far back as 1944,
leading up to that event. Was this an effective way to structure
the book? In interviews, Sawyer has
said he tried drafting it three different ways: (1) in straight
chronological order, starting with the Treblinka scene, and
without the Hanratty attack occurring until its natural point in
the narrative; (2) with the Treblinka scene as a prologue
preceding the attack by Hanratty; and, (3) as presented in the
final book, beginning with the attack, then flashing back to
Treblinka. Did Sawyer choose the most effective sequence? On a
related note, there are chapters that were cut from the novel
detailing Pierre and Molly's lives before they met; the full text
of these chapters is on Sawyer's web site at
Was he right to cut these chapters?
- Frameshift has several different plot elements:
the Treblinka / Demanjuk arc; the Klimus and Amanda-clone arc; the
insurance-company arc; Pierre's Huntington's disease; Molly's
telepathy; and the discovery of a new layer of information coded
in our DNA. Do you think they intertwine well? Were all of them
necessary? (Hint: see the Frameshift structural
analysis on Sawyer's web site at
for the author's own take on this question.)
- Molly wanted to marry Pierre despite knowing that he would
become extremely disabled in only a few years. Would you have
made the same choice Molly did?
- The novel touches on some of the moral quandaries raised by
human cloning, in particular the question of who owns a clone. What
impact do you think the ability to create clones will have on
society? Should human cloning be banned?
- Many readers assumed that because Pierre is a geneticist, he
will find a cure for Huntington's disease before the novel is
over, thereby saving himself. This doesn't happen. Did Sawyer
make the right decision? Is the end of the book a downer or is
- There's a religious subtext to the novel, especially in the
notion that the broad strokes of humanity's development had been
planned out by a creator. Can the hard scientific worldview
portrayed in the novel ever be reconciled with matters of faith?
More Good Reading
Download this Reading Group Guide in Adobe Acrobat Format
More about Frameshift
Reading Group Guide Index
Reading Group Guide for Quantum Night
Reading Group Guide for Triggers
Reading Group Guide for Wake
Reading Group Guide for Rollback
Reading Group Guide for Mindscan
Reading Group Guide for Hominids
Reading Group Guide for Calculating God
Reading Group Guide for FlashForward
Reading Group Guide for Factoring Humanity
Reading Group Guide for Illegal Alien
Reading Group Guide for The Terminal Experiment
Reading Group Guide for End of an Era
Reading Group Guide for Golden Fleece
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